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WISE MAKES HIS OWN DECISION – OTHERS FOLLOW PUBLIC OPINION

25 Beautiful Quotes

ese 28 carefully selected words of wisdom truly are some of the most powerful and wisest quotes ever written. Here they are…

1. “Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.” – Albert Einstein

2. “Before you diagnose yourself with depression or low self-esteem, first make sure that you are not, in fact, just surrounded by assholes.” – Sigmund Freud

3. “In seeking happiness for others, you will find it in yourself.” – Unknown

4. “Love is a verb. Love – the feeling – is a fruit of love, the verb.” – Stephen Covey

5. “Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms—to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s own way.” – Viktor Frankl

6. “He who fears he will suffer, already suffers because he fears.” – Michel De Montaigne

7. “Success is stumbling from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm.” – Winston Churchill

8. “You must be the change you wish to see in the world.” – Gandhi

9. “When one door of happiness closes, another opens, but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one that has been opened for us.” – Helen Keller

10. “Challenges is what makes life interesting and overcoming them is what makes life meaningful.” – Joshua J. Marine

11. “If you want happiness for an hour – take a nap. If you want happiness for a day – go fishing. If you want happiness for a year – inherit a fortune. If you want happiness for a life time – help someone else.” – Chinese proverb

12. “Life is never made unbearable by circumstances, but only by lack of meaning and purpose.” – Viktor Frankl

13. “A mind that is stretched by a new experience can never go back to its old dimensions.” – Oliver Wendell Holmes

14. “Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated.” – Confucius

15. “Many people are passionate, but because of their limiting beliefs about who they are and what they can do, they never take actions that could make their dream a reality” – Anthony Robins

16. “True success is overcoming the fear of being unsuccessful.” – Paul Sweeney

17. “The only way that we can live is if we grow. The only way we can grow is if we change. The only way we can change is if we learn. The only way we can learn is if we are exposed. And the only way that we are exposed is if we throw ourselves into the open.” – C. Joybell

18. “If you don’t like something, change it. If you can’t change it, change the way you think about it.” – Mary Engelbreit

19. “A life spent making mistakes is not only more honorable, but more useful than a life spent doing nothing.” – George Bernhard Shaw

20. “Time is too slow for those who wait, too swift for those who fear, too long for those who grieve, too short for those who rejoice, but for those who love, time is eternity.” – Henry van Dyke

21. “I would rather die a meaningful death than to live a meaningless life.” – Corazon Aquino

22. “God, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, the courage to change the things I can, and the wisdom to know the difference.” – Reinhold Niebuhr

23. “Most people do not listen with the intent to understand; they listen with the intent to reply.” – Stephen Covey

24. “We think sometimes that poverty is only being hungry, naked and homeless. The poverty of being unwanted, unloved and uncared for is the greatest poverty. We must start in our own homes to remedy this kind of poverty.” – Mother Theresa

25. “Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, today is a gift of God, which is why we call it the present.” – Bil Keane

Cutpiece records of British Officers to Gangpore States after Sepoy Mutiny of 1856

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ହାମର୍ ପୁର୍‌ନା ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ରାଏଜ୍‌, ପୁରାନ୍‌ ଯୁଗର୍‌ ଦକ୍ଷିଣ କୋଶଳ୍‌ର ଭିତ୍ରେ ଥିଲା ବୋଲିକରି ଇତିହାସ୍‌ କହୁଛେ୤ ରଜା ରାମର୍‌ ସରଗ୍‌ବାସୀ ହେଳା ଉତ୍ତାରୁ ସେ ରାଏଜର୍ ଶାସନ୍‌ ଭାର୍‌ ପୋ କୁଶର୍‌ ଭାଗେ ପଡ୍‌ଲା, ତାହାର୍‌ ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀ ଥିଲା ବିନ୍ଧ୍ୟ ପର୍‌ବତ୍‌ର ତଲେ ଥିବା କୁଶିନଗର୍‌୤ ତାହାର୍‌ ପରେ ପରେ ଦକ୍ଷିଣ୍‌ କୋଶଳ୍‌ ପଶ୍‌ଚିମ୍‌ କୋଶଳ୍‌ର କଳିଙ୍ଗ ରାଏଜ୍‌ ସଙ୍ଗେ ମିଶିଗଲା ବଲି ଆଉ ଦକ୍ଷିଣ୍ କୋଶଳ୍‌ ନାଇ ହଇକରି ପଶ୍‌ଚିମ୍-କୋଶଳ୍ ନାଁ ହେଲା ୤ ସେ ସମିୟାର ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀ ଥିଲା ମହାନଦୀ ଖଏଁଡ୍‌ର ଶ୍ରୀପୁରା୤ ତାହାର୍ ଉତ୍ତାରୁ ସାରା ଭାରତ ବଛର୍‌ ଯେତେତେତେ ସାନ୍‌ବଡ୍‌ ରାଏଜ୍‌ଥି ଭରିଗଲା୤ ସେ ଭିତ୍‌ରୁ ହାମର୍ ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ରାଇଜ୍‌ ଗୁଟେ, ଇତାର୍ ମୁଲ୍ ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀ ଥିଲା ତାର୍‌ ପଶ୍‌ଚିମ୍‌ ଦିଗେ ଥିବା ମଶାବିରା୤ ଇ ମଶାବିରା ନେ ସର୍ଗିପାଲିର୍‌ ମାଝୀ ଜମିଦାର୍ ଶେଖର୍ ବଂଶର୍‌ ପହେଲା ରଜା ଶ୍ରୀ ଗଙ୍ଗାଧର୍ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ କେ ଲୁକେଇ କରି ରଖିଥିଲା ଆଉ ତାହାକେ ପଛେ ରଜା କରିଥିବାର୍‌ ପ୍ରମାଣ ସବୁ ଅଛେ୤ ଇହାଦେ ମଶାବିରା ହେମ୍‌ଗିର୍‌ ବଲକ୍‌ ଅଧିନ୍‌ ଥି ଅଛେ୤ ଇତାର୍‌ ପରେ ଇ ଶେଖର୍ ବଂଶର୍‌ ଦୁଇ ନମ୍ବର୍‌ ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀ ଇବ୍ ନଏଦ୍‌ ଖଏଣ୍‌କେ ଉଠିଆସ୍‌ଲା୤ ତାହାର୍ ନାଁ ହେଲା, ଗଙ୍ଗାଧର୍ ପୁର୍‌ଗଡ୍‌୤ ସେ ସମିୟାର୍‌ ରଜା ଗଙ୍ଗାଧର୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓଙ୍କର୍‌ ନାଁ ଅନୁସାରେ ରାଏଜର୍‌ ନାଁ ଭି ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ହେଲା ଆଉ ରାଜଧାନୀର ନାଁ ଭି ହେଲା ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ଗଡ୍‌୤ ଏଭେ ଇଟା ସବ୍‌ଡ଼େଗା ବଲକ୍‌ଥି ଅଛେ୤ ଇତାର୍‌ ପରେ କିଛି କାରଣ୍‌ ନେଇକରି ଶେଖର୍‌ ବଂଶର୍‌ ବାର ନମ୍ବର୍‌ ରଜା ଇନ୍ଦ୍ର ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ଗଡ୍‌ନୁ ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀ ଉଠେଇ ନେଇକରି ନାଗ୍ରା ଜମିଦାରୀର୍‌ ରାଏବ୍‌ଗାଗଡ୍‌ କେ ନେଲେ ୤ ତାଙ୍କର୍‌ ପରେ ତାଙ୍କର୍ ପୋ ପର୍ଶୁରାମ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍ ଦେଓ ତାଙ୍କର୍ ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀ ରାଜ୍‌ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ପାଖେ ନବରଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ (ଲଙ୍ଗଗଡ୍‌ ଯାହାକି ଆଝିର୍‌ ଲାଇଙ୍ଗ୍‌ ଅଟେ) କେ ଉଠେଇ ଆନ୍‌ଲେ୤ କୋପ୍‌ସିଂହା ଗାଁନେ ସର୍ଗିପାଲି ଜମିଦାର୍‌ ପ୍ରତାପ୍‌ ମାଝୀର୍‌ ମରନ୍‌ ପରେ ଜଗଦେବ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ତାଙ୍କର୍‌ ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀ ଇବ୍‌ ନଏଦ୍‌ ଖଣିର୍‌ ଜଗତ୍‌ଗଡ୍‌ କେ ଉଠେଇ ଆନ୍‌ଲେ୤ ଇହାଦେ ଜଗତ୍‌ଗଡ୍‌ ସବ୍‌ଡ଼େଗା ବଲକ୍‌ ଭିତ୍ରେ ସୁନ୍ଦର୍‌ଗଡ୍‌ ସହର୍‌ନୁ ଛଅ କି.ମି. ଦୂରେ ପୂରୁବ୍‌କେ ଇବ୍‌ ନଏଦ୍‌ ଖଣିଥି ଅଛେ୤ ଏବେ ବି ରଜା ଘରର୍‌ ଇଷ୍ଟ ଦେବୀ ମାଁ ସମଲାଇ ଇଠାନେ ପୂଜା ପାଉଛଁନ୍‌୤ ରଜାର୍‌ ଖମାର୍‌ ବି ଇଠାନେ ଅଛେ୤ ଜମିନ୍‌ ଭି ଅଛେ୤ ଗାଁ ଲୋକେ ଚାଷ୍‌ କରି କରି ଭାଗ ଚାଷ୍‌ ଦେଉଛଁନ୍‌୤ ଲୋକ୍‌ମାନେ କହେସଁନ୍‌ ଯେ, ରଜା ବହୁତ୍‌ ଚେଷ୍ଟା କରି କରି ଭି ସମଲାଇ ମାଁକେ ଇଠାନୁ ଉଠାଇ ନାଇଁ ପାର୍‌ଲା୤ ରଜା ଜଗ୍‌ଦେବ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ଅପୁତ୍ରିକ୍‌ ଥିଲେ୤ ସେଥିର୍‌ଲାଗି ତାର୍‌ ଉତ୍ତାରୁ ତାହାଁକର୍‌ ଜଣେ ସମ୍ପର୍କର୍‌ ଭାଇ ଚନ୍ଦ୍ରଭାନୁ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ରଜା ହେଲେ୤ ସେ ତିନ୍‌ଟା ରାନୀ ରଖିଥିଲେ୤ ତାହାଁକର୍‌ ଦୁଇ ନମ୍ବର୍‌ ରାନୀ ବହୁତ୍‌ ସୁନ୍ଦ୍‌ରୀ ଥିଲେ୤ ସେ ବଣାଇର୍‌ ରଜାର୍‌ ଝି ଥିଲେ୤ ଚନ୍ଦ୍ରଭାନୁ ରଜାର୍‌ ପରେ ବିର୍‌ବିରାର୍‌ ଜନାର୍ଦ୍ଦନ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ରଜା ହେଲେ ଆଉ, ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀ ଇବ୍‌ ନଦୀ ଖଏଣ୍‌ର ଶୁଆଡ଼ିହି କେ ଉଠେଇ ଆନ୍‌ଲେ୤ ଇଟା ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ରଜାର୍‌ ଶେଷ୍‌ ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀ ଥିଲା ବଲି ସଭେ କହେସଁନ୍‌୤ ରଜାର୍‌ ଉଆସ୍‌ ପାଖେ ଗୁର୍‌ଦେ ଶୁଆ (ରୂପ) ଘରା କରି ରହୁଥିଲେ ବଲି, ଇତର୍‌ ନାଁ ଶୁଆଡିହି ରଖାଯାଇଥିଲା ପରେ୤
ଶେଖର୍‌ ବଂଶର୍‌ ଅଠର ନମ୍ବର୍‌ ରଜା ଜନାର୍ଦ୍ଦନ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓର ପୋ-ନାତି ଶ୍ରୀମାନ୍‌ ରଘୁନାଥ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ରଜା ହେଲେ୤ ସେ ଅଥଲ୍‌ ପରିଶ୍ରମ୍‌ କରି, ଖର୍‌ଚା କରି ଶୁଆଡ଼ିହିର କେତ୍‌ନି କେତେ ଉନ୍ନତି କରିଥିଲେ୤ ଇଂରେଜ୍‌ ସର୍‌କାର୍‌ର ଆଦେଶ୍‌ଥି ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ରାଏଜର୍‌ ଛୋଟ୍‌ ନାଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ କମିଶନର୍‌ ଅଧିନ୍‌ନୁ ଓଡ଼ିଶା-କମିଶନର୍‌ ଅଧିନ୍‌ କେ ଆସ୍‌ବାର୍‌ ଉତ୍ତାରୁ ଶୁଆଡ଼ିହିର୍‌ ବହୁତ୍‌ ଉନ୍ନତି ହେଇଥିଲା୤ ଏଡ଼େ ବଡ୍‌ ଉଆସ୍‌ ଥି ଏଭେ ଭି ରଜାଘରେ ରହୁଛନ୍‌୤ କଚ୍‌ରୀର୍‌ ଲାଲ୍‌ଘର୍‌, ଜେଲ୍‌ଘର୍‌, ଡାକ୍ତର୍‌ଖାନା ଏଭେ ଭି କାମ ଲାଏକ୍‌ ରହିଛେ୤ ସହର୍‌ ଭିତ୍‌ରେ ରଜା ଉଆସ୍‌ ପାଖାପାଖି ବଢ଼େ ଜବର୍‌ ବନ୍ଧ୍‌ ଦୁଇଟା ରହିଛେ୤ ରଜା ଅମଲ୍‌ଥି ସହର୍‌କେ ବିଜ୍‌ଲି ଯୁଗେଇ ଦିଆ ହେଉଥିଲା୤ ଗୁଟେ ବନ୍ଧ୍‌ପାଖେ ବିଜ୍‌ଲିଘର୍‌ ଥିଲାବଲି କରି ଏଭେ ଭି ତାକେ ବିଜ୍‌ଲି ବନ୍ଧ୍‌ କହୁଛଁନ୍‌୤ ମୋଟାମୁଟି କହେବାର୍‌କେ ଗଲେ ଇ ଶୁଆଡ଼ିହି ସବୁ ରକମ୍‌ର ଉନ୍ନତି କର୍‌ବାର୍‌ ଲାଗି ରଜା ଶ୍ରୀ ରଘୁନାଥ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ମନ୍‌, ଧନ୍‌, ତନ୍‌ ସବୁକେ ପାଏନ୍‌ ଛଡ଼େଇ ଦେଇଥିଲେ୤ ତାହାଁକର୍‌ ରାଏଜ୍‌ ଆଉର୍‌ ଗଡ୍‌କେ ଅଏନ୍‌ ସୁନ୍ଦର୍‌ ବନେଇଥିଲେ ବଲି ତାର୍‌ ନାଁଟା ଶୁଆଡ଼ିହିନୁ ବଦ୍‌ଲାଇ କରି ସୁନ୍ଦର୍‌ଗଡ୍‌ ଦେଇଥିଲେ ବଲି ଇତିହାସ୍‌ କହେସି୤ ତାଁକର୍‌ ଇସବୁ ମହତ୍‌ କାମ୍‌ ଲାଗି ସେ ଗୁରା ସର୍‌କାର୍‌ ଠାନୁ ମହାରାଜା ଉପାଧି ପାଇଥିଲେ ବଲି କହେଁସନ୍‌୤
ଭାରତ୍‌ ସ୍ବାଧୀନ୍‌ ହେଲା ଉତ୍ତାରୁ ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ରାଏଜର୍‌ ଇଲାକାଟା ଜହ ନାଇଥାଇ୤ ସେଥିର୍‌ ଲାଗି ଇତାର୍‌ ପୂର୍‌ବେ ଥିବା ଆଉ ଗୁଟେ ଛୁଟିଆ ରାଏଜ୍‌ ବଣାଇକେ ତା.୧.୧.୧୯୪୮ ମ: ମିଶାଇ ଦେଇକରି ରାଜ୍‌ଧାନୀର୍‌ ନାଥି ଇତାର୍‌ ନାଁ ଦିଆଗଲା, ସୁନ୍ଦର୍‌ଗଡ୍‌ ଜିଲ୍ଲା୤ ତାର୍‌ ସଙ୍ଗେ ବଣାଇ, ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ନାଁଟା ରସାତଲ୍‌କେ ପଲେଇ ଯାଇଛେ୤ ଇହାଦେ ବଣାଁଇ ଗୁଟେ ସବ୍‌ଡ଼ିଭିଜନ୍‌ ହୋଇ ରହିଛେ୤
ଆଗର୍‌ ଇ ଗାଙ୍ଗ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ରାଏଜ୍‌ ଦାମିକା ଖଣିଜ୍‌ ସମ୍ପଦ୍‌ ଥି ଭର୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ଥିଲା୤ ଇହାଦେ ବି ଚୂନ୍‌ପଥର୍‌, ଲୁହା, ତମ୍ବା ପଥର୍‌, ଦସ୍ତା ପଥର୍‌, କୁଇଲାର୍‌ ଲାଗି ଭାରତ୍‌ କାଏଁ ପୁର୍‌ଥିବି ବିଖ୍ୟାତ୍‌ ଅଛେ୤
ମହାରାଜା ରଘୁନାଥ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓଙ୍କର୍‌ ଗୁଟେ ବଲି ପୋ୤ ନାଁ ଥିଲା ବୀର୍‌କିଶୋର୍‌ ମୋହନ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ୤ ଦିନେ ସେ ହାଥୀ ଉପ୍‌ରେ ବସିକରି ଚଁପା ଚଢ଼େଇ ଧର୍‌ବାର୍‌ ଲାଗି ରତନ୍‌ପୁର୍‌ ଜଙ୍ଗଲ୍‌କେ ଯାଇଥିଲେ ଆଉ କେନ୍‌ତା କରି ହାଥୀ ଉପ୍‌ରୁ ପଡ଼ିକରି ମରିଗଲେ୤ ତହାର୍‌ ଉତ୍ତାରୁ ରଘୁନାଥ୍‌ଙ୍କ ନାତି ଭବାନୀ ଶଙ୍କର୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ରଜା ହେଲେ୤ ତାଁକେ ରୋଗ୍‌ ଲାଗି ରହେବାରୁ ସେ ୩୨ ବରଷ୍‌ଥି ତା.୫.୫.୧୯୩୦ ମ: ମରିଗଲେ୤ ତାହାଁକର୍‌ ଦୁଇଟା ପୋ, ଟିକାୟତ୍‌ ବୀରମିତ୍ର ଓ ପଟ୍ଟାୟତ୍‌ ଉଦିତ୍‌ ପ୍ରତାପ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ, ବୁଆ ଭବାନୀ ଶଙ୍କର୍‌ ମର୍‌ଲା ବେଳେ ଇମାନେ ନାବାଲକ୍‌ ଥିଲେ୤ ସେଥିର୍‌ ଲାଗି ବିଧ୍‌ବା ରାନୀ ଜାନ୍‌କୀ ରତ୍ନ ୟାମାର୍ଜି (Regent) ହିସାବେ ଶାସନ୍‌ ଚଲାଲେ୤ ଥରେ ଟିକାୟତ୍‌ ଶ୍ରୀ ବୀରମିତ୍ର ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ମାଆର୍‌ ସଙ୍ଗେ ଲଣ୍ଡନ୍‌ ଯାଇଥିଲେ୤ ଦୁଃଖର୍‌ କଥା ସେନେ ସେ କେନ୍‌ସି କାରଣ୍‌ ଥି ମରିଗଲେ୤ ସେ ସମିୟାଥି ଶ୍ରୀ ଉଦିତ୍‌ ପ୍ରତାପ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ଭି ନାବାଲକ୍‌ ଥିଲେ୤ ସେଥିର୍‌ ଲାଗି ଫେର୍‌ ଜାନ୍‌କୀ ରତ୍ନ ରିଜେଣ୍ଟ ହିସାବେ ରାଏଜର୍‌ ଶାସନ୍‌ ଭାର୍‌ ବୁହିଲେ, ତାର୍‌ ଚାଏର୍‌ ବଛର୍‌ ଉତ୍ତାରେ ପଟ୍ଟାୟତ୍‌ ଉଦିତ୍‌ ପ୍ରତାପ୍‌ ସାବାଲକ୍‌ ହେଲେ୤ ତା.୨୭.୧୧.୧୯୪୪ ମ: ଦିନ ସର୍ଗିପାଲି ଜମିଦାର୍‌ ଦ୍ବାରା ଅଭିଷିକ୍ତ ହଇ ଗାଦି ଥି ବସ୍‌ଲେ୤ ବୀର୍‌ ଉଦିତ୍‌ ପ୍ରତାପ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ଖାଲି ଚାଏର୍‌ ବଛର୍‌ ଶାସନ୍‌ କରିଥିଲେ୤ ସେ ଉତ୍ତାରୁ ତା.୧୫.୮.୧୯୪୭ ମ: ଥି ଭାରତ୍‌ ସ୍ବାଧୀନ୍‌ ହେଲା୤ ସବୁ ଗଡ଼ଜାତ୍‌ ରାଇଜ୍‌ ସେ ବଛର୍‌ ଡିସେମ୍ବର୍‌ ମାସେ ଜାତୀୟ ସର୍‌କାର୍‌ ସଙ୍ଗେ ମିଶିଗଲା୤ ଗଡ଼ଜାତ୍‌ ଶାସନ୍‌ ଯାଇକରି ଗଣତନ୍ତ୍ର ଶାସନ୍‌ ଚାଲ୍‌ଲା୤
ଏଭର୍‌ ଉଦିତ୍‌ ନଗର୍‌, ରଘୁନାଥପଲ୍ଲୀ, ବୀରମିତ୍ରପୁର, ଭବାନୀ ଶଙ୍କର୍‌ ହାଇସ୍କୁଲ୍‌, ରାଣୀ ଜାନ୍‌କୀ ବାଳିକା ବିଦ୍ୟାଳୟ, ବୀରମିତ୍ର କ୍ଲବ୍‌, ରିଜେଣ୍ଟ ମାର୍କେଟ ସବୁ ଶେଖର୍‌ ବଂଶର୍‌ ରଜା, ରାନୀ ମାନକଁର୍‌ ନାଁ ଥି ନାଁ ଦିଆଯାଇଛେ୤ ରଜା ଉଦିତ୍‌ ପ୍ରତାପ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ବିଧାୟକ୍‌ ମଧ୍ୟ ଥିଲେ୤ ସେ ତା.୨୮.୧୧.୧୯୬୭ ମ: ଥି ୱାଲ୍‌ଟିଅର୍‌ ଠାନେ ମରିଗଲେ, ତାଁକର୍‌ ମୁର୍ଦାର୍‌ ଉଡ଼ାଜାହାଜ୍‌ଥି ସୁନ୍ଦର୍‌ଗଡ୍‌କେ ଆସିଥିଲା୤ ଶ୍ରୀ ଉଦିତ୍‌ ପ୍ରତାପ୍‌ଙ୍କର୍‌ ଦୁଇଟା ପୋ୤ ବଡ୍‌ ପୋ ଶ୍ରୀ ବିରେନ୍ଦ୍ର ପ୍ରତାପ୍‌ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ଓ ସାନ୍‌ ପୋ ଶ୍ରୀ ଭରତେନ୍ଦ୍ର ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ୤ ଭରତେନ୍ଦ୍ର ଦୁଇଥର୍‌ ସଦର୍‌ ସୁନ୍ଦର୍‌ଗଡ୍‌ର ବିଧାୟକ୍‌ ଥିଲେ୤ ସେ ଏବେ ମରିଗଲେନ୤ ତାଁକର୍‌ ପରେ ବଡ଼ ଭାଇ ବିରେନ୍ଦ୍ର ଭି ମରିଗଲେନ୤ କିନ୍ତୁ ଭରତେନ୍ଦ୍ରଙ୍କ ସ୍ତ୍ରୀ ଶ୍ରୀମତୀ ପଦ୍ମିନୀ ଶେଖର୍‌ ଦେଓ ଇହାଦେ ଭି ଅଛଁନ୍‌୤ ତାଁକର୍‌ ଗୁଟେ ପୋ ଓ ଗୁଟେ ଝି ଅଛଁନ୍‌୤ ରାନୀ ପଦ୍ମିନୀ ସୁନ୍ଦର୍‌ଗଡ୍‌ ମ୍ୟୁନ୍‌ସିପାଲ୍‌ଟି ଚେୟାର୍‌ମେନ୍‌ ଭି ଥିଲେ୤ ଏଭେ ସେ ରାଜନୀତିରେ ଅଛଁନ୍‌୤

The

THE REVOLT OF Royal INDIAN NAVY

Gallipoli Invasion & The retreat by sea popularly known by Britisher “The Glorious Retreat”

World War 1

With World War I stalled on the Western Front by 1915, the Allied Powers were debating going on the offensive in another region of the conflict, rather than continuing with attacks in Belgium and France. Early that year, Russia’s Grand Duke Nicholas appealed to Britain for aid in confronting a Turkish invasion in the Caucasus. (The Ottoman Empire had entered World War I on the side of the Central Powers, Germany and Austria-Hungary, by November 1914.) In response, the Allies decided to launch a naval expedition to seize the Dardanelles Straits, a narrow passage connecting the Aegean Sea to the Sea of Marmara in northwestern Turkey. If successful, capture of the straits would allow the Allies to link up with the Russians in the Black Sea, where they could work together to knock Turkey out of the war.

Did You Know?

In May 1915, Britain’s First Sea Lord Admiral John Fisher resigned dramatically over the mishandling of the Gallipoli invasion by First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill. His political capital damaged by the debacle, the future prime minister later resigned his own position and accepted a commission to command an infantry battalion in France.

Spearheaded by the first lord of the British Admiralty, Winston Churchill (over the strong opposition of the First Sea Lord Admiral John Fisher, head of the British Navy), the naval attack on the Dardanelles began with a long-range bombardment by British and French battleships on February 19, 1915. Turkish forces abandoned their outer forts but met the approaching Allied minesweepers with heavy fire, stalling the advance. Under tremendous pressure to renew the attack, Admiral Sackville Carden, the British naval commander in the region, suffered a nervous collapse and was replaced by Vice-Admiral Sir John de Robeck. On March 18, 18 Allied battleships entered the straits; Turkish fire, including undetected mines, sank three of the ships and severely damaged three others.

GALLIPOLI LAND INVASION BEGINS

In the wake of the failed naval attack, preparations began for largescale troop landings on the Gallipoli Peninsula. British War Secretary Lord Kitchener appointed General Ian Hamilton as commander of British forces for the operation; under his command, troops from Australia, New Zealand and the French colonies assembled with British forces on the Greek island of Lemnos. Meanwhile, the Turks boosted their defenses under the command of the German general Liman von Sanders, who began positioning Ottoman troops along the shore where he expected the landings would take place. On April 25, 1915, the Allies launched their invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula. Despite suffering heavy casualties, they managed to establish two beachheads: at Helles on the peninsula’s southern tip, and at Gaba Tepe on the Aegean coast. (The latter site was later dubbed Anzac Cove, in honor of the Australian and New Zealand troops who fought so valiantly against determined Turkish defenders to establish the beachhead there.)

After the initial landing, the Allies were able to make little progress from their initial landing sites, even as the Turks gathered more and more troops on the peninsula from both the Palestine and Caucasus fronts. In an attempt to break the stalemate, the Allies made another major troop landing on August 6 at Sulva Bay, combined with a northwards advance from Anzac Cove towards the heights at Sari Bair and a diversionary action at Helles. The surprise landings at Sulva Bay proceeded against little opposition, but Allied indecision and delay stalled their progress in all three locations, allowing Ottoman reinforcements to arrive and shore up their defenses.

DECISION TO EVACUATE GALLIPOLI

With Allied casualties in the Gallipoli Campaign mounting, Hamilton (with Churchill’s support) petitioned Kitchener for 95,000 reinforcements; the war secretary offered barely a quarter of that number. In mid-October, Hamilton argued that a proposed evacuation of the peninsula would cost up to 50 percent casualties; British authorities subsequently recalled him and installed Sir Charles Monro in his place. By early November, Kitchener had visited the region himself and agreed with Monro’s recommendation that the remaining 105,000 Allied troops should be evacuated.

The British government authorized the evacuation to begin from Sulva Bay on December 7; the last troops left Helles on January 9, 1916. In all, some 480,000 Allied forces took part in the Gallipoli Campaign, at a cost of more than 250,000 casualties, including some 46,000 dead. On the Turkish side, the campaign also cost an estimated 250,000 casualties, with 65,000 killed.

LOVE AND MARRIAGE

WHAT IS THE PROPER AGE TO GET MARRIED?

“Eighty-four. Because at that age, you don’t have to work anymore, and you can spend all your time loving each other.” (Judy, 8)

“Once I’m done with kindergarten, I’m going to find me a wife.” (Tommy, 5)

WHAT DO MOST PEOPLE DO ON A DATE?

“On the first date, they just tell each other lies,and that usually gets them interested enough to go for a second date.” (Mike, 10)

WHEN IS IT OKAY TO KISS SOMEONE?

“You should never kiss a girl unless you have enough bucks to buy her a big ring and her own VCR, ’cause she’ll want to have videos of the wedding.” (Jim, 10)

“Never kiss in front of other people. It’s a big embarrassing thing if anybody sees you. But if nobody sees you, I might be willing to try it with a handsome boy, but just for a few hours.” (Kally, 9)

THE GREAT DEBATE: IS IT BETTER TO BE SINGLE OR MARRIED?

It’s better for girls to be single, but not for boys. Boys need somebody to clean up after them.” (Lynette, 9)

“It gives me a headache to think about that stuff. I’m just a kid. I don’t need that kind of trouble.” (Kenny, 7)

CONCERNING WHY LOVE HAPPENS BETWEEN TWO PEOPLE:

“No one is sure why it happens, but I heard it has something to do with how you smell. That’s why perfume and deodorant are so popular.” Jan, 9)

“I think you’re supposed to get shot with an arrow or something, but the rest of it isn’t supposed to be so painful.” (Harlen, 8)

ON WHAT FALLING IN LOVE IS LIKE:

“Like an avalanche where you have to run for your life.” (Roger, 9)

“If falling in love is anything like learning to spell, I don’t want to do it. It takes to long to learn.” (Leo, 7)

ON THE ROLE OF GOOD LOOKS IN LOVE AND ROMANCE:

“If you want to be loved by somebody who isn’t already in your family, it doesn’t hurt to be beautiful.” (Jeanne, 8)

“It isn’t always just how you look. Look at me. I’m handsome like anything and I haven’t got anybody to marry me yet.” (Gary, 7)

“Beauty is skin deep. But how rich you are can last a long time.” (Christine, 9)

CONCERNING WHY LOVERS OFTEN HOLD HANDS:

“They want to make sure their rings don’t fall off, because they paid good money for them.” (David, 8)

CONFIDENTIAL OPINIONS ABOUT LOVE:

“I’m in favor of love as long as it doesn’t happen when ‘The Simpsons’ are on TV.” (Anita, 6)

“Love will find you, even if you are trying to hide from it. I’ve been trying to hide from it since I was five, but the girls keep finding me.” (Bobby, 8)

“I’m not rushing into being in love. I’m finding fourth grade hard enough.” (Regina, 10)

PERSONAL QUALITIES NECESSARY TO BE A GOOD LOVER:

“One of you should know how to write a check. Because, even if you have tons of love, there is still going to be a lot of bills.” (Ava, 8)

SOME SUREFIRE WAYS TO MAKE A PERSON FALL IN LOVE WITH YOU:

“Tell them that you own a whole bunch of candy stores.” (Del, 6)

“Don’t do things like have smelly, green sneakers. You might get attention, but attention ain’t the same thing as love.” (Alonzo, 9)

“One way is to take the girl out to eat. Make sure it’s something she likes to eat. French fries usually works for me.” (Bart, 9)

HOW CAN YOU TELL IF TWO ADULTS EATING DINNER AT A RESTAURANT ARE IN LOVE ?

“Just see if the man picks up the check. That’s how you can tell if he’s in love.” (John, 9)

“Lovers will just be staring at each other and their food will get cold. Other people care more about the food.” (Brad, 8)

“It’s love if they order one of those desserts that are on fire. They like to order those because it’s just like their hearts are on fire.” (Christine, 9)

WHAT MOST PEOPLE ARE THINKING WHEN THEY SAY, “I LOVE YOU”:

“The person is thinking: Yeah, I really do love him, but I hope he showers at least once a day.” (Michelle, 9)

HOW A PERSON LEARNS TO KISS:

“You learn it right on the spot, when the ‘gooshy’ feelings get the best of you.” (Doug, 7)

“It might help if you watched soap operas all day.” (Carin, 9)

WHEN IS IT OKAY TO KISS SOMEONE?

“It’s never okay to kiss a boy. They always slobber all over you. That’s why I stopped doing it.” (Jean, 10)

HOW TO MAKE LOVE ENDURE:

“Spend most of your time loving instead of going to work.” (Tom, 7)

Don’t forget your wife’s name…that will mess up the love.” (Roger,8)

“Be a good kisser. It might make your wife forget that you never take the trash out.” (Randy,8)

Why guys are so cool…when they are at a loosing ground

  1. Phone Conversations are over in 30 seconds flat.
  2. You know stuff about tanks.
  3. A five-day vacation requires only one suitcase.
  4. You can open all your own jars.
  5. Dry cleaners and hair cutters don’t rob you blind.
  6. You can go to the bathroom without a support group.
  7. You don’t have to learn to spell a new last name.
  8. You can leave the motel bed unmade.
  9. You can kill your own food.
  10. You get extra credit for the slightest act of thoughtfulness.
  11. Wedding plans take care of themselves.
  12. If someone forgets to invite you to something, he or she can still be your friend.
  13. Your underwear is $10 for a three-pack.
  14. If you are 34 and single, nobody notices.
  15. Everything on your face stays its original color.
  16. You can quietly enjoy a car ride from the passenger’s seat.
  17. Three pairs of shoes are more than enough.
  18. You don’t have to clean your apartment if the meter reader is coming.
  19. Car mechanics tell you the truth.
  20. You can quietly watch a game with your buddy for hours without ever thinking: “He must be mad at me.”
  21. Same work…more pay.
  22. Gray hair and wrinkles only add character.
  23. Wedding dress – $2,000. Tuxedo rental – 75 bucks.
  24. You don’t mooch off other’s desserts.
  25. You can drop by to see a friend without having to bring a little gift.
  26. If another guy shows up at the party in the same outfit, you just might become lifelong friends.
  27. Your pals can be trusted never to trap you with. “So, notice anything different?”
  28. You are not expected to know the names of more than five colors.
  29. You don’t have to stop and think of which way to turn a nut on a bolt.
  30. You almost never have strap problems in public.
  31. You are unable to see wrinkles in your clothes.
  32. The same hairstyle lasts for years, maybe decades.
  33. You don’t have to shave below your neck.
  34. At least a few belches are expected and tolerated.
  35. Your belly usually hides your big hips.
  36. One wallet and one pair of shoes, one color, all seasons.
  37. You can “do” your nails with a pocketknife.
  38. You have freedom of choice concerning growing a mustache.
  39. Christmas shopping can be accomplished for 25 relatives, on December 24th, in 45 minutes.

Few explanation for why we use to do unknowingly


Q. Why do men’s clothes have buttons on the right while women’s clothes have buttons on the left?

A. When buttons were invented, they were very expensive and worn primarily by the rich. Since most people are right-handed, it is easier to push buttons on the right through holes on the left. Because wealthy women were dressed by maids, dressmakers put the buttons on the maid’s right! And that’s where women’s buttons have remained since.

Q. Why do ships and aircraft use ‘mayday’ as their call for help?

A. This comes from the French word m’aidez – meaning ‘help me’ – and is pronounced approximately, ‘mayday.’

Q. Why are zero scores in tennis called ‘love’?

A. In France , where tennis became popular, round zero on the scoreboard looked like an egg and was called ‘l’oeuf,’ which is French for ‘egg.’ When tennis was introduced in the US , Americans (mis)pronounced it ‘love.’

Q. Why do X’s at the end of a letter signify kisses?

A. In the Middle Ages, when many people were unable to read or write, documents were often signed using an X. Kissing the X represented an oath to fulfill obligations specified in the document. The X and the kiss eventually became synonymous.

Q. Why is shifting responsibility to someone else called ‘passing the buck’?

A. In card games, it was once customary to pass an item, called a buck, from player to player to indicate whose turn it was to deal. If a player did not wish to assume the responsibility of dealing, he would ‘pass the buck’ to the next player.

Q. Why do people clink their glasses before drinking a toast?

A. It used to be common for someone to try to kill an enemy by offering him a poisoned drink. To prove to a guest that a drink was safe, it became customary for a guest to pour a small amount of his drink into the glass of the host. Both men would drink it simultaneously. When a guest trusted his host, he would only touch or clink the host’s glass with his own.

Q. Why are people in the public eye said to be ‘in the limelight’?

A. Invented in 1825,limelight was used in lighthouses and theatres by burning a cylinder of lime which produced a brilliant light. In the theatre, a performer ‘in the limelight’ was the center of attention.

Q. Why is someone who is feeling great ‘on cloud nine’?

A. Types of clouds are numbered according to the altitudes they attain, with nine being the highest cloud If someone is said to be on cloud nine, that person is floating well above worldly cares.

Q. In golf, where did the term ‘Caddie’ come from?

A. When Mary Queen of Scots went to France as a young girl, Louis, King of France, learned that she loved the Scots game ‘golf.’ So he had the first course outside of Scotland built for her enjoyment. To make sure she was properly chaperoned (and guarded) while she played, Louis hired cadets from a military school to accompany her.

Mary liked this a lot and when returned to Scotland (not a very good idea in the long run), she took the practice with her. In French, the word cadet is pronounced ‘ca-day’ and the Scots changed it into ‘caddie.

Q. Why are many coin banks shaped like pigs?

A. Long ago, dishes and cookware in Europe were made of a dense orange clay called ‘pygg’. When people saved coins in jars made of this clay, the jars became known as ‘pygg banks.’ When an English potter misunderstood the word, he made a container that resembled a pig. And it caught on.

Q. Did you ever wonder why dimes, quarters and half dollars have notches (milling), while pennies and nickels do not?

A. The US Mint began putting notches on the edges of coins containing gold and silver to discourage holders from shaving off small quantities of the precious metals. Dimes, quarters and half dollars are notched because they used to contain silver. Pennies and nickels aren’t notched because the metals they contain are not valuable enough to shave.

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